Documenting gender-based violence in Yerevan, Armenia


Interpersonal Violence


Kulikova Kelli



Domestic violence is defined as the abusive and/or dominant behaviour of a family member against other members of the same family. The aim of this study was to evaluate the structure and characteristics of gender-based violence in Yerevan. One-way cross-sectional non-experimental quantitative research was carried out, and a 34-item questionnaire was used as a tool. The study lasted three months 01.09․2019- 01.12.2019. The study participants were 436 females from Yerevan between the ages of 18 and 60 and registered on Facebook. The questionnaire was completed anonymously via Google Drive, to fill out the questionnaire, the online version was chosen, taking into account the sensitivity of the topic so that the questions could be answered as honestly as possible. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 16.0.


Results: The average age of the participants was 32,75. 67 (15%) were single, 351 (81%) were married, 15 (3%) were divorced, and 3 (1%) were in a civil marriage. 214 (49%) experienced some type of violence at some point in their lives – 102 (48%) experienced physical violence, 97 (45%) experienced emotional violence, and 15 (7%) experienced sexual violence. 184 women (86%) were abused by their husband or intimate partner. 197 women (92%) were abused at home, 12 women (6%) at work, 2 (1%) outside, and 3 (1%) elsewhere. Of the 102 women who were subjected to physical violence, 46 (45%) had been physically injured, and the most common physical injury was bruising (48%). Associations were found between the perpetrator and the location of the incident (cases by husbands mainly occurred at home) and drug/alcohol usage, and cases of violence. No associations were found between either education level and cases of violence or income and cases of violence. 


53% of cases of violence were witnessed by children, which, according to WHO, is a risk factor for the child. There is a low rate of hospital and police reports. Training should be done with police and medical staff to actively detect cases as well as enhance the role of NGOs to help prevent incidents. Women’s awareness of their rights must be raised to reduce the number of cases in the future․


Increasing Capacity for Injury Research in Eastern Europe


Dr. Diana Dulf
Pandurilor 7 Street, 9th Floor, Room 910, Cluj-Napoca, Romania